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29 Australian Succulents | Aussie Green Thumb

When you think succulents, you probably think low maintenance, and you would be right. In Australia, succulents have become more popular as people want gardens that aren’t affected by drought.

When the temperatures rise and the water threatens to run out due to lack of rainfall, these plants manage to keep their cool. Succulents are even fire-resistant!

Read on to learn more about succulent plants  and which are the most grown types in Australia. 

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You’ll find succulent plants in both dry and wetter, more tropical parts of Australia, proving they are adaptable and eager to please. Succulents are able to grow on trees and rocks if that’s where they find the right habitat.

Australia boasts at least 400 species of succulent. What’s nifty about these plants is that they have their own built systems for storing water in their leaves, stems or roots.

Adding greenery to your home décor is a great way to style your table. Australian succulents are perfect for this purpose, as they require little maintenance.

Succulents are available in various shapes and sizes, so you can find one that fits your style. They also come in multiple colors, deep green and vibrant pink.

Australian succulents are an excellent addition to your table setting and will impress guests.

Best Succulents to Grow in Australia

Aeonium Succulents

Aeonium have a main stem and then branches that grow numerous rosettes

Aeonium succulents are a bit different than other succulents. Most will grow on a short stem but Aeoniums grow like a tree. They have a main stem and then branches that grow numerous rosettes. 

Winter is their active growing period. This means you want to fertilise in early winter and not when the succulents are dormant in summer. A fertiliser with a limited amount of nitrogen is best.

You can plant Aeoniums directly into the garden – just a heads up, they like sandy loam soil and it should be fast draining.  

Aeoniums are dormant in summer – this means you can take a break from watering them all together or limit their water substantially. If your summer is very hot, perhaps give the succulent a sprinkling of water once a week.

Make sure your plant gets morning sun in the winter time – 6 hours is ideal. You’ll notice in winter that the stems are soft and green. In summer, the leaves will close up and start to fall off. 

Here are some popular Aeonium cultivars:

Aeonium Lindleyi

Aeonium Lindleyi has small rosettes but it can grow up to 50cm in height

Source: plantingman.com

This cultivar has small rosettes but it can grow up to 50cm in height. The leaves are hairy and sticky. The flowers arrive in late spring and have a yellow star shape. 

Aeonium Starburst Lemon and Lime 

Aeonium ‘Lemon and Lime’ are huge with a 50cm diameter

Source: mld-succulents.com

They are huge with a 50cm diameter. The leaves have lemon yellow stripes which explains the name.  

Aeonium Mardi Gras

Aeonium Mardi Gras have colourful leaves that create quite a spectacular display

Source: succulentcity.com

This cultivar earned its name thanks to the colourful leaves that create quite a spectacular display.

Aeonium Velour (Hybrid)

Aeonium Velour is muted in winter when it’s green with red edges on the leaves

This hybrid is muted in winter when it’s green with red edges on the leaves. Closer to spring, the red colour gets darker and takes over more of the leaves.

Aeonium Blushing Beauty

Aeonium Blushing Beauty is green with red or pink on the leaf edges in winter then the colours get bolder closer to summer

This succulent grows more like a tree. In winter, the succulent is green with red or pink on the leaf edges. The colours get bolder closer to summer.

Aeonium Sedifolium

Aeonium Sedifolium grows 15cm tall and wide, with round green leaves that have red on them

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Dwarf Aeonium packs a punch even though it’s small. It only grows 15cm tall and wide, with round green leaves that have red on them.

Aeonium Lindleyi

This cultivar has small rosettes but it can grow up to 50cm in height. The leaves are hairy and sticky. The flowers arrive in late spring and have a yellow star shape. 

Aeonium Lindleyi has small rosettes but it can grow up to 50cm in height

Source: plantingman.com

Aeonium Starburst Lemon and Lime 

They are huge with a 50cm diameter. The leaves have lemon yellow stripes which explains the name.  

Aeonium ‘Lemon and Lime’ are huge with a 50cm diameter

Source: mld-succulents.com

Aeonium Mardi Gras

This cultivar earned its name thanks to the colourful leaves that create quite a spectacular display.

Aeonium Mardi Gras have colourful leaves that create quite a spectacular display

Source: succulentcity.com

Aeonium Velour (Hybrid)

This hybrid is muted in winter when it’s green with red edges on the leaves. Closer to spring, the red colour gets darker and takes over more of the leaves.

Aeonium Velour is muted in winter when it’s green with red edges on the leaves

Aeonium Blushing Beauty

This succulent grows more like a tree. In winter, the succulent is green with red or pink on the leaf edges. The colours get bolder closer to summer.

Aeonium Blushing Beauty is green with red or pink on the leaf edges in winter then the colours get bolder closer to summer

Aeonium Sedifolium

Dwarf Aeonium packs a punch even though it’s small. It only grows 15cm tall and wide, with round green leaves that have red on them.

Aeonium Sedifolium grows 15cm tall and wide, with round green leaves that have red on them

Source: en.wikipedia.org

Agave Succulents

Agave Succulents are not difficult to grow if you give them full sun and well-drained soil

The Agave group of succulent plants have more than 300 species and is one of the most searched australian succulents. You could call them aggressive looking perhaps, or maybe ready for battle. 

The leaves look a bit like swords, with sharp teeth on the edge of the leaves and spines on the leaf tips. It’s certainly a ‘don’t mess with me’ kind of plant. 

These succulents flower but you might end up waiting a long time – it can take up to 40 years, species dependant. On the plus side, these succulents are not difficult to grow. If you give them full sun and well-drained soil, you’re good to go. 

Small agave succulent plants grow perfectly in pots – maybe just make sure they aren’t placed near any pets (or children for that matter).

Here’s something you might not know. Agave succulents are actually considered weeds in NSW and Victoria (well they have the potential to become weeds) so do some research before you start planting. 

Here are a few popular Agave cultivars:

Agave Americana 

Agave americana has yellow flowers and there are a few varieties available

This cultivar is grey and has sharp leaves. The succulent also forms a rosette shape. You might hear it called the century plant because of an old belief that the succulent only flowers every 100 years! 

The plant has yellow flowers and there are a few varieties available. They include Marginata which has yellow stripes on the side of the leaves, Medio-picta’ with a thick yellow stripe down the middle, and Striata.

Agave Angustifolia 

Agave angustifolia has green to yellow flowers and some varieties have white stripes on the leaves

This succulent loves the heat. This rosette succulent has green to yellow flowers and some varieties have white stripes on the leaves.

Agave Attenuata

Agave attenuata is also called fox tail agave

This is also called fox tail agave. Rosette shaped with green to blue leaves, the flowers are yellow and drooping.

Agave Victoriae Reginae

Agave victoriae reginae also know as Queen Victoria agave grows very slowly

Queen Victoria agave grows very slowly. The thick leaves have a white stripe and a sharp spine at the tip. The flowers are a light green to cream colour. 

Agave Americana 

This cultivar is grey and has sharp leaves. The succulent also forms a rosette shape. You might hear it called the century plant because of an old belief that the succulent only flowers every 100 years! 


The plant has yellow flowers and there are a few varieties available. They include Marginata which has yellow stripes on the side of the leaves, Medio-picta’ with a thick yellow stripe down the middle, and Striata.

Agave americana has yellow flowers and there are a few varieties available

Agave Angustifolia 

This succulent loves the heat. This rosette succulent has green to yellow flowers and some varieties have white stripes on the leaves.

Agave angustifolia has green to yellow flowers and some varieties have white stripes on the leaves

Agave Attenuata

This is also called fox tail agave. Rosette shaped with green to blue leaves, the flowers are yellow and drooping.

Agave attenuata is also called fox tail agave

Agave Victoriae Reginae

Queen Victoria agave grows very slowly. The thick leaves have a white stripe and a sharp spine at the tip. The flowers are a light green to cream colour. 

Agave victoriae reginae also know as Queen Victoria agave grows very slowly

Aloe Succulents

Aloe Succulents are easy to grow and can handle tough climates

Aloe succulents probably come in every shape and colour you could imagine, not to mention a varied size curve. Aloes are easy to grow, even though it might not be your first choice when browsing through your local nursery.

These succulent plants  can handle tough climates – their solution is to store water and food in their leaves and roots. Aloe flowers are quite a sight to see in shades of yellow, orange and red. They actually flower for most of the year.

Succulents like aloes often do well in rockeries and a rock garden can look great while being low maintenance at the same time. If you feel inspired to set up your own, have a look at our guide on how to set up a rock garden 

Here are some popular Aloe cultivars:

Aloe Andrea’s Orange 

Aloe Andrea’s Orange is a hybrid aloe that has a long flowering period with bright orange tubular flowers

Source: thetutuguru.com.au

This is a hybrid aloe that has a long flowering period with bright orange tubular flowers.

Aloe Aries 

Aloe Aries has short and spotty leaves which is what makes the plant beautiful more than the pink-white flowers it produces

Source: aloe-aloe.com.au

This aloe has short and spotty leaves which is what makes the plant beautiful more than the pink-white flowers it produces. The flowers actually open at different times across the seasons which makes for a nice surprise.  

Aloe Bush Baby Yellow

Aloe Bush Baby Yellow has lots of rosettes and can flower for up to 6 months

Source: diggers.com.au

This aloe has lots of rosettes and can flower for up to 6 months. It does well in the garden or in a pot.

Aloe Fairy Pink

Aloe Fairy Pink grows better in a pot in tropical climate

Source: aloe-aloe.com.au

The word ‘fairy’ in the name is apt for the dainty white flowers and delicate leaves of this small aloe. For a tropical climate, it grows better in a pot.

Aloe Ivory Dawn

Aloe Ivory Dawn produces flowers sometimes up to 12 months in a row

Source: agaveville.org

This is an aloe that is extremely generous with its flowers. It produces flowers sometimes up to 12 months in a row, with repeat blooms following each other. The flowers are a red pink colour and sometimes closer to white. 

Aloe Mountain Gem 

Aloe Mountain gem needs lots of light to produce flowers

Source: flowerpower.com.au

You’ll find red to cream colour flowers on this aloe which arrive in winter. The leaves are blue-grey and have white lines on them. This particular aloe needs lots of light to produce flowers.

Aloe Sparkler 

Aloe Sparkler once opened, show off orange and yellow colours

Source: thetutuguru.com.au

If you want flowers, flowers and more flowers, this aloe is a great choice as it flowers from autumn into winter. The white flowers, once opened, show off orange and yellow colours.

Aloe Super Red 

Aloe Super Red produces red flowers from late summer to winter and is a greyish-green colour

Source: davesgarden.com

This succulent produces red flowers from late summer to winter and is a greyish-green colour. It can handle a harsh landscape.

Aloe Winter Bells 

Aloe Winter Bells has thin dark green leaves, a red trim with white bell-shaped flowers in autumn and winter

Source: aloe-aloe.com.au

This succulent has thin dark green leaves, a red trim with white bell-shaped flowers in autumn and winter.

Aloe Andrea’s Orange 

This is a hybrid aloe that has a long flowering period with bright orange tubular flowers.

Aloe Andrea’s Orange is a hybrid aloe that has a long flowering period with bright orange tubular flowers

Source: thetutuguru.com.au

Aloe Aries 

This aloe has short and spotty leaves which is what makes the plant beautiful more than the pink-white flowers it produces.


The flowers actually open at different times across the seasons which makes for a nice surprise.  


Aloe Aries has short and spotty leaves which is what makes the plant beautiful more than the pink-white flowers it produces

Source: aloe-aloe.com.au

Aloe Bush Baby Yellow

This aloe has lots of rosettes and can flower for up to 6 months. It does well in the garden or in a pot.

Aloe Bush Baby Yellow has lots of rosettes and can flower for up to 6 months

Source: diggers.com.au

Aloe Fairy Pink

The word ‘fairy’ in the name is apt for the dainty white flowers and delicate leaves of this small aloe. For a tropical climate, it grows better in a pot.

Aloe Fairy Pink grows better in a pot in tropical climate

Source: aloe-aloe.com.au

Aloe Ivory Dawn

This is an aloe that is extremely generous with its flowers. It produces flowers sometimes up to 12 months in a row, with repeat blooms following each other.


The flowers are a red pink colour and sometimes closer to white. 

Aloe Ivory Dawn produces flowers sometimes up to 12 months in a row

Source: agaveville.org

Aloe Mountain Gem 

You’ll find red to cream colour flowers on this aloe which arrive in winter. The leaves are blue-grey and have white lines on them. This particular aloe needs lots of light to produce flowers.

Aloe Mountain gem needs lots of light to produce flowers

Source: flowerpower.com.au

Aloe Sparkler 

If you want flowers, flowers and more flowers, this aloe is a great choice as it flowers from autumn into winter. The white flowers, once opened, show off orange and yellow colours.

Aloe Sparkler once opened, show off orange and yellow colours

Source: thetutuguru.com.au

Aloe Super Red 

This succulent produces red flowers from late summer to winter and is a greyish-green colour. It can handle a harsh landscape.

Aloe Super Red produces red flowers from late summer to winter and is a greyish-green colour

Source: davesgarden.com

Aloe Winter Bells 

This succulent has thin dark green leaves, a red trim with white bell-shaped flowers in autumn and winter.

Aloe Winter Bells has thin dark green leaves, a red trim with white bell-shaped flowers in autumn and winter

Source: aloe-aloe.com.au

Echeveria Succulents

Echeveria succulents are easy going but live in some crazy conditions

Echeveria succulents are easy going but live in some crazy conditions. These succulent plants range from desert to subtropical and their idea of home is a high altitude cliff or rock face. 

Extreme weather conditions don’t phase these succulents. Echeveria succulents need soil that drains well and enough air around them to breathe.

They can handle drought so well that if you forget to water them for a while they won't die! This means in autumn and winter you can water once a month and that’s enough.

Echeveria succulents can suffer from root rot – this means no waterlogged soil. Succulents can handle the cold better if their roots are dry. Nobody likes wet feet and these succulent plants are the same.

When in doubt, rather don’t water. The truth is, Echeveria succulents die much quicker from over watering than if you under water them. Refer to our guide how to grow and care for Echeveria for more information on this type of succulent. 

Here are some popular Echeveria cultivars:

Echeveria Affinis Black Knight

Echeveria affinis 'Black Knight' has dark red flowers in summer and is easy to grow

Source: botanyheaven.com

This cultivar has leaves that are closely packed together to form a rosette. It has dark red flowers in summer and is easy to grow.

Echeveria Dondo

Echeveria ‘Dondo’ has orange flowers and bright green leaves

Source: worldofsucculents.com

This plant makes you think of sunshine. The succulent has orange flowers and bright green leaves.

Echeveria Dark Prince

Echeveria ‘Dark Prince’ has leaves that look almost black

This Echeveria variety has leaves that look almost black. They are in fact a dark purple colour.

Echeveria Raindrops

Echeveria 'Raindrops' are small with rosettes of green leaves with red

Source: gardentags.com

Echeveria 'Raindrops’ are small with rosettes of green leaves with red. There is a blue-green bump in the middle of each leaf which looks a bit like a water droplet.

Echeveria Peacockii 

Echeveria ‘Peacockii’ is small and has blue leaves with red tips

This cultivar is small and has blue leaves with red tips. The leaves are round and it produces bright orange flowers in summer. 

Echeveria Imbricata 

Echeveria ‘imbricata’ is known as Blue Rose Echeveria

Known as Blue Rose Echeveria, grows fast and you’ll recognize it by rosettes of round blue green leaves, which overlap in a circular pattern.

Echeveria Derenbergii

Echeveria ‘derenbergii’ has small rosettes of triangle-shaped blue-grey leaves with red outlines

Echeveria ‘derenbergii’ has small rosettes of triangle-shaped blue-grey leaves with red outlines. In late winter and summer, the succulent has reddish pink stems and yellow flowers.

Echeveria Affinis Black Knight

This cultivar has leaves that are closely packed together to form a rosette. It has dark red flowers in summer and is easy to grow.

Echeveria affinis 'Black Knight' has dark red flowers in summer and is easy to grow

Source: botanyheaven.com

Echeveria Dondo

This plant makes you think of sunshine. The succulent has orange flowers and bright green leaves.

Echeveria ‘Dondo’ has orange flowers and bright green leaves

Source: worldofsucculents.com

Echeveria Dark Prince

This Echeveria variety has leaves that look almost black. They are in fact a dark purple colour.

Echeveria ‘Dark Prince’ has leaves that look almost black

Echeveria Raindrops

Echeveria 'Raindrops’ are small with rosettes of green leaves with red. There is a blue-green bump in the middle of each leaf which looks a bit like a water droplet.

Echeveria 'Raindrops' are small with rosettes of green leaves with red

Source: gardentags.com

Echeveria Peacockii 

This cultivar is small and has blue leaves with red tips. The leaves are round and it produces bright orange flowers in summer. 

Echeveria ‘Peacockii’ is small and has blue leaves with red tips

Echeveria Imbricata 

Known as Blue Rose Echeveria, grows fast and you’ll recognize it by rosettes of round blue green leaves, which overlap in a circular pattern.

Echeveria ‘imbricata’ is known as Blue Rose Echeveria

Echeveria Derenbergii

Echeveria ‘derenbergii’ has small rosettes of triangle-shaped blue-grey leaves with red outlines.


In late winter and summer, the succulent has reddish pink stems and yellow flowers.

Echeveria ‘derenbergii’ has small rosettes of triangle-shaped blue-grey leaves with red outlines

Sempervivum Succulents

Sempervivum is also called hen and chicks and it creates a mat effect as it grows

Sempervivum is also called hen and chicks and it creates a mat effect as it grows. This genus of about 40 species are known for plants with rosette patterns.

The leaves are thick and pointed but some are more round. The succulents are a whole host of different colours – everything from green to pink and purple.

What’s amazing is that the colours can change throughout the seasons. This happens when temperatures change or when the habitat of the plant changes.

This type of succulents have small white or yellow flowers in the summer. You might be wondering where Sempervivum gets its name hen and chicks from. Imagine that the hen is the large rosette and the chicks are the new growth that it produces.

When the hen eventually dies, the chicks keep growing and keep the plant alive. These succulent plants can be used in pots or in the garden. It might even look nice in a hanging basket.

Again you’ll need well-draining soil and plant your succulent in full sun. As a rule of thumb, you can water when the soil feels dry. You want the succulent to actually dry out between watering.

Another tip for this type of succulents is to water around the rosettes without throwing water onto them. 

Here are some popular Sempervivum cultivars:

Sempervivum Appletini 

Sempervivum Appletini gets darker as the plant gets more light

Source: gardenersdream.co.uk

This Sempervivum cultivar has pointy green leaves with red to brown tips. The colour of the succulent actually gets darker as the plant gets more light.

Sempervivum Cherry Berry 

Sempervivum Cherry Berry forms a rosette that starts off green with a red centre and then becomes a darker red rosette when the weather becomes warmer

Source: gardenersdream.co.uk

This plant forms a rosette that starts off green with a red centre and then becomes a darker red rosette when the weather becomes warmer.

Sempervivum Silver Suede 

Sempervivum Silver Suede is covered with a fine fuzz

Source: gardensolutionsplants.com

Sempervivum Silver Suede is covered with a fine fuzz. The blue-green rosettes are red and mauve in the cooler months.

Sempervivum Appletini 

This Sempervivum cultivar has pointy green leaves with red to brown tips. The colour of the succulent actually gets darker as the plant gets more light.

Sempervivum Appletini gets darker as the plant gets more light

Source: gardenersdream.co.uk

Sempervivum Cherry Berry 

This plant forms a rosette that starts off green with a red centre and then becomes a darker red rosette when the weather becomes warmer.

Sempervivum Cherry Berry forms a rosette that starts off green with a red centre and then becomes a darker red rosette when the weather becomes warmer

Source: gardenersdream.co.uk

Sempervivum Silver Suede 

Sempervivum Silver Suede is covered with a fine fuzz. The blue-green rosettes are red and mauve in the cooler months.

Sempervivum Silver Suede is covered with a fine fuzz

Source: gardensolutionsplants.com

Succulents not included in the list above but are also sought-for in Australia are the Mother in law's tongue and Australian pig face so be sure to check them out. 

Why not sign up for our newsletter for more gardening inspiration and tips, resources and plant profiles. It’s the perfect reading to enjoy with a cup of tea and whether you’re a beginner gardener, or have spent much time perfecting your green thumb, there really is something for everyone. 

Welcome to the World of Succulents

Australia is home to a wonderful variety of succulents and as we’re discovered, they don’t ask for a lot in exchange for gorgeous flowers and brilliant floral displays.

With the stress of keeping a plant happily watered off the table (since these beauties are not too thirsty), you can just enjoy growing and decorating with them.

Whether potted or in a garden bed (or rockery once you’ve read our ‘how to’ guide, our country has a range of succulents to keep every gardener and home happy.

Australian Succulents Aussie Green Thumb

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