One plant that I found to be quite popular in most homes is the Monstera Deliciosa. However, a considerable part of cultivating this plant is proper care. This is important for plant growth.
So, I did some research about caring for swiss cheese plant to help myself out. You might just be in a similar position. So, I will tell you about Monstera Deliciosa care in this post.
What Is a Monstera Deliciosa?
Just before we get to the care of this plant, one thing is essential. You need to understand what exactly I mean by Monstera Deliciosa. This is especially for those who are just hearing about it for the first time.
So, what is a Monstera Deliciosa?
This plant is commonly referred to as the "Swiss cheese plant." It represents a woody vine that you will find growing in the South and North American tropics. It can then grow as high as 70 feet when in the tropics.
However, it is a great houseplant. This is because it does not have to battle with a wide range of diseases and pests like other options. It then comes with gorgeous leaves that emerge with holes. These holes are what gave rise to the Swiss cheese plant tag.
Note that these holes grow facing the edge as the plant matures. Eventually, it then opens.
How to Care for Monstera Deliciosa
Now that I have explained what a Monstera Deliciosa is, we are ready to proceed to the next part. Keep in mind that this is very important. You will need to care for your plants, and the Monstera Deliciosa is no exception.
The reality is that without proper care, you will find that this plant will not produce the result that you want. I bet that you do not want that. So, you need to pay proper attention to this.
So you can get to this easily, here are the things to keep in mind when caring for your Monstera Deliciosa.
Monstera Deliciosa General Care
The first aspect of caring for your Monstera Deliciosa is the issues of general care. This involves the general living condition that you need to make available for your Monstera Deliciosa to thrive.
The areas that general care cut across includes:
When it comes to sunlight, like most plants, the planting Monstera Deliciosa requires it for its growth. However, it does not require direct sunlight. Precisely, this plant will thrive better under indirect or medium sunlight.
So, when planting it, you want to make sure you place it in an area where it will not get scourged by direct sunlight. This way, there is no problem with its growth. Read up on the best ways to use led grow lights for your indoor plants. You will need them to get the best results.
Like most plants, the Monstera Deliciosa also requires water for its growth. However, just as is in the case of sunlight, it requires less for it to thrive. As such, you do not want to water this plant daily. You will only kill it with water. Remember that it is from the tropics.
So, water just once every one to two weeks. You will want to ensure that the soil dries out before you water again. Even more, prioritize watering under brighter light and less under lower light.
Beyond this, your Monstera enjoys filtered water. So, you might want to favor this. You can always leave the water outside overnight before watering too.
When it comes to humidity, your Monstera Deliciosa prefers a humid condition for its growth. It is best suited to grow under this condition. However, in cases where a more humid condition is impossible, it will be okay to cultivate it under normal room level.
Your Monstera also requires an appropriate temperature level to record the best growth. So, here is what you need to remember.
Keep your room temperature between 65 degrees Fahrenheit and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. This is equal to between 18 degrees Celsius and 30 degrees Celsius. However, regardless of the situation, ensure that the temperature does not drop below 60 degrees Fahrenheit or 15 degrees Celsius.
Pruning Monstera Deliciosa
Now that you are clear on general care let us move on. One important aspect of caring for your Monstera Deliciosa is pruning. This involves a process through which you ensure your plant retains its compact build.
Now, with small plants, they often tend to be compact. However, once it begins to grow, their vines begin to emerge, and they spread. At this point, you will need to provide care for them to keep them in line. Otherwise, you will find them spread across the area.
So, before pruning your Monstera Deliciosa, you will need to provide support to these vines. In this case, you can then determine how the plants grow. Alternatively, if you do not want them reaching a particular height, you can always prune them.
This will involve a process where you cut off new growth systematically. You cut them at their tip based on the height you prefer that they maintain. This way, they stay in line.
You can always prune stems that do not do so well too. These are stems that have no leaves or have scanty leaves. They might reduce the overall beauty of your Monstera Deliciosa. So, prune them.
You can then do the same for aerial roots that present some difficulties when tucking them back into a pot.
Repotting Your Swiss Cheese Plant
Another aspect of providing care to your Monstera Deliciosa is through repotting. As I realized, you will need to repot your plants, especially the young ones.
This to ensure that they get access to the necessary nutrients that they need for proper growth. First you'll need to learn how to propagate monstera.
Now, what you need to do is get this process done every year. And when doing this, get a pot that is at least 2 inches bigger than what you had the previous year.
Similarly, as soon as your Monstera Deliciosa reaches the best possible height for space, dress the topsoil with new soil. Like I earlier mentioned, this will aid access to new soul nutrients. You can then engage in repotting around every three years.
You will need to keep a few things in mind when doing this. They include the following:
- You will want to use high-quality potting soil. This ensures that your soil is free draining but still moist.
- Ensure you add some support when you engage in repotting your Monstera Deliciosa. This is a plant that climbs naturally.
So, this is something you cannot avoid. You can always use a stake with moss covering or a trellis to get this done.
Providing Nutrients to Your Plant
Next up is food, and this involves the provision of some nutrients to your plants. Keep in mind that you can always apply fertilizers to this plant. However, you will need to be careful with its application.
As such, it is best to reduce its application to once every month. You can then use high-quality liquid fertilizers to get the job done.
Pest and Diseases
Now that you are clear on food let us move on. The next item is caring for your Monstera Deliciosa and preventing or combatting pests and diseases. It must have crossed your mind. Well, it is natural that it did.
However, when it comes to the Monstera Deliciosa, you will hardly need to worry about this. This is because this plant hardly suffers from attacks by diseases and pests.
All you need to do is regularly wipe off the dust from your plant's levees. You can use any damp fabric to get this done or poor water on it. With this, you are good to go, and your plant should have a good life.
However, you can always look out for any spider mite on your Monstera. You can then cleanse your plants of them. In return for these little actions, you will get a plant that provides long-lasting pleasure to you.
How Do You Know If Your Monstera Is Happy?
While the Monstera Deliciosa will turn out to be happy most times, there are cases where it has some issues.
So, how do you know if your Monstera is happy?
First, if your Monstera is crispy around its edges and you find its leaves becoming brown, it is not happy. It is usually due to your failure to provide adequate water or a high level of salt. In such cases, all you need to do is provide more water.
In some other cases, you might find your potting mix all dry, and your plant is wilting. Then, your Monstera is far from happy. This is usually due to under watering or your failure to change the potting.
You only need to remedy this by wetting more and repotting to make your plant happy again. If you experience your Monstera turning all yellow and getting black stems or wet potting mix, it is not happy.
You are overwatering, and you need to stop it.
Is Monstera Deliciosa a Good Indoor Plant?
Now, one relevant question is whether you can plant this tropical plant indoors. Well, I also considered it when I got curious about Monstera Deliciosa. So, it is okay that you are also concerned about this.
So, here is what you need to know.
Yes, you can cultivate this plant indoors as nothing is stopping you. This is one of the best places to cultivate the Monstera Deliciosa. This is because it protects it from direct sunlight, which the plants need to avoid.
However, if you cultivate this plant indoors, you will need to keep something in mind. And that is the effect of this plant on your pets.
I have found pets to be quite curious. So, upon planting, your pets would most likely want to know what the plant is all about. Well, that is where the problem comes in.
This plant contains a particular compound regarded as calcium oxalate crystals. Now, these crystals are extremely toxic to your pets. So, if you live with a dog or cat as your pet, you will need to remember that they love to get their hands and mouth on things.
However, if they were to get it on the Monstera Deliciosa, it would only spell doom for them. This is because it will irritate their mouths, tongues, and lips.
It will then even cause conditions like vomiting, difficulty in swallowing, and drooling. I bet you do not want that for your pets. So, you will have to take extra care to ensure that your pets do not come near the Monstera Deliciosa.
Final Thoughts on Monstera Deliciosa
If you have decided to cultivate the Monstera Deliciosa in your home, then you have made a good decision. This is a great plant option, more so as you do not need to worry so much about pests and diseases.
Regardless, you will still need to be responsible for a wide range of activities to keep your plant in the best possible condition. I have identified them for you in this article and told you what to do.
What are you waiting for? Start growing your Monstera Deliciosa today!